the destruction of Königsberg

The Destruction of Königsberg

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The Königsberg Operation was a military offensive operation of the Red Army of the armed forces of the USSR against the troops of the Third Reich, carried out from April 6 to 9, 1945 with the aim of eliminating the enemy Königsberg group and capturing the fortified city of Königsberg during the Second World War. Its end result was the destruction of Königsberg, once the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia.

The first Bolshevik invasion of eastern Germany occurred in October 1944, when Red Army units captured several border villages. Five days later they were driven out of there, and an indescribable picture appeared before the eyes of the German soldiers. Not a single civilian escaped death at the hands of the Bolsheviks. Women were crucified on the doors of barns, or, after being raped, they were crushed under the tracks of tanks. Their children were also brutally killed. The French prisoners of war who worked on the surrounding farms were shot by the “liberators”. The actions of the Red Army soldiers were not a manifestation of senseless cruelty – it was methodical sadism.

“In the farm yard there was a cart, to which, in a crucified position, several more naked women were nailed by the arms,” reported German Volkssturmov soldier Karl Potrek. “Near the large inn there is a barn; to each of its two doors there was a woman nailed in a crucified position. a naked woman with nails. We found 72 women and girls in the houses – all of them were brutally killed; only a few had bullet holes in their heads. The babies had their heads smashed.”

Even today, Russians refuse to acknowledge the true extent of the atrocities that the Bolsheviks committed on their way to Berlin. East Prussia, with its estates of German aristocrats, suffered the most. In the first years of the war it was quiet and calm there; now it has turned into a complete hell. There is no shortage of eyewitness accounts. “We all knew that German girls could be raped and killed,” wrote Soviet dissident Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, an artillery officer during the war.

By 1945, the Bolsheviks had amassed up to 21,500 guns and mortars, 3,800 tanks and self-propelled guns, over 3,000 aircraft and 1,600,000 soldiers to the borders of East Prussia. The German group had 515 aircraft, 700 tanks and assault guns, 8,200 guns and mortars. Preparations for the assault dragged on until the beginning of April. Particular attention was paid to heavy artillery; two breakthrough artillery divisions, a heavy cannon artillery division, a Katyusha division, two separate heavy artillery regiments, a naval railway artillery brigade, a heavy separate artillery division, 8 special-power artillery divisions (280 mm guns) and five anti-aircraft guns were brought to the city. artillery divisions. In total, 258 guns were concentrated against the forts per 1 km of front. It was with such a powerful encirclement of the fortress that the assault on Königsberg began.

The city’s defense consisted of three lines encircling Königsberg. The first line was based on 15 forts 7-8 km from the city limits. The second defensive line ran along the outskirts of the city. It consisted of groups of buildings prepared for defense, reinforced concrete firing points, barricades, trenches, minefields and wire fences. The third zone consisted of forts, stone buildings with loopholes, and occupied most of the city and its center.

On the morning of April 9, 5,000 Soviet guns and mortars and 1,500 aircraft dealt a crushing blow to the fortress. During 3 hours of artillery preparation, 1,308 wagons of artillery shells and mines were fired at the enemy. The city turned into a continuous fiery nightmare. At noon, an assault by infantry and tanks began from all directions. And by the evening of the same day, the ring of 15 forts was broken through. On April 7, fierce fighting took place in the city itself. The worthy sons of Germany were ready to accept death—the fall of the fortress was becoming obvious. On the evening of April 9, when the Royal Castle was captured, the commandant of Konigsberg entered into negotiations for surrender. When the German command came out of the bunker, everyone was simply stunned – the city of Koenigsberg, which they defended, no longer existed. 90% of the city was destroyed. They were surrounded by ruins. Everything around was burning. Soviet soldiers in local wine cellars drank to the capture of Königsberg. The barrels of wine were shot through, the wine leaked out, so that the soldiers drank while standing up to their ankles in wine.

This Battle of East Prussia was the bloodiest battle of 1945. German losses amounted to about 50,000 people, and Soviet troops more than 580,000 people. The Soviet troops also suffered colossal losses in equipment.

Afterwards, East Prussia, as a symbol of German militarism, was torn to pieces by the Allies and the Bolsheviks. Danzig as part of the so-called “Polish corridor” was ceded to Poland, and Königsberg, under the new name Kaliningrad after the Bolshevik terrorist Mikhail Kalinin, passed to the USSR. The Poles, to their credit restored Danzig, now named Gdansk, in accordance with its historical past. The Bolsheviks, on the other hand, erected a characteristically ugly city of concrete blocks where Königsberg once stood.

The royal castle was destroyed in stages: no one looked after it. The castle was left to rot, then it was blown up twice. Kosygin, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, ordered the destruction of the castle when he learned that they were going to make a museum there. The House of Soviets was erected in its place.

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Such a sad story

The small village of Buela between Maquela do Zombo and Sao Salvador was attacked and the local administrator and his wife were tied to boards then sliced methodically into pieces. All the other members of the village, except the wife of the guard, also were slaughtered, including a businessman, Snr. Fernandes, who had first to watch his wife, a negress, being raped and then obscenely mutilated, despite her advanced state of pregnancy.

[That same morning] a group of some 400 terrorists attacked the experimental farm at M’Bridge. One of the few survivors of this attack, Manuel Lourenco Alves, relates what happened:

“. . . My African boy, Joao, ran to the house next door to try and get some ammunition but he was caught halfway and beheaded and castrated before my eyes. The white, mulatto, and negro women were dragged out of their houses together with their children. In front of the mothers, the terrorists then proceeded to cut off the legs and arms of the children and then started to play a grotesque game of football with the twitching bodies. The women and girls were then led away, stripped, raped, and cut up. Many of them were killed by stuffing large branches of trees into their vaginas. They tied one young girl of eighteen to a tree, crucified her, and whilst she was still alive, they cut off her breasts and put one in each of her outstretched hands.”

(above) “The Segregationists” by James Graham Cook, page 358. (He was quoting a report about negros on the loose in the Portuguese African colony of Angola in 1961).

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